Earlier this month, a Médecins Sans Frontières-supported hospital in Yemen was bombed, killing 19 people. This is not the first time a MSF hospital has been attacked. In October 2016, a United States airstrike killed 42 civilians in Kunduz, Afghanistan. Bombing a hospital or bombing other civilian targets such as schools are breaches of international humanitarian law and can be considered war crimes or crimes against humanity.
Nothing is fixed in our memories. We remember and forget. But what we remember or forget changes over time. At a given moment, perceptions evolve of an event that took place. At the recent Locarno Film Festival, two movies touched on dramatic events in contemporary Swiss history. “Un Juif pour l’exemple” and “Il Nido” are films about the past, the memory of which are ongoing, including the films themselves. The movies are part of the process of memorialization.
The parties’ parties are over. The Republican and Democratic Party conventions have concluded. Beyond the brouhaha over Melania Trump’s plagiarism of Michelle Obama’s 2008 speech and the leaked emails of the head of the Democratic National Committee, the designation of the candidates for president and vice-president of the U.S. of the two major political parties have become official. Whereas the selection has sometimes taken place during the convention, the presumptive nominees for president and vice president had been done before the conventions, leaving little room for surprise.
“Summertime, and the livin is easy.” Contrary to the famous words by the Gershwins in the musical Porgy and Bess, this summer has not been easy. Racial violence in the United States, coup attempt in Turkey, terrorist attacks in France and Germany, doping scandal involving Russian athletes and Brexit have all dominated the headlines, not to mention the American presidential campaign, continued migration chaos and the civil war in Syria.
Last week at Wimbledon I was given a formal, printed card about how to queue. Most people spend some part of their lives standing in line. Whether in a store, at the post office, at the bank or waiting to enter a train or plane, we must wait. For each situation, there are informal rules about who goes first; there are norms about how to queue. Not everyone follows the rules. But to get a formal card, printed in color on heavy paper about how to stand in line was a truly unique experience.
Economics 101 was a great challenge during my studies. When I took the introductory required course I had no economics background or particular mathematical skill. The first day the professor put on blackboard a supply and demand curve. He explained that all economic theory was based on a simple formula: As demand rose, supply diminished. As supply rose, demand diminished. There was something elegant but puzzling here. Could all human activity be reduced to this simple formula? Could all our behavior be shown in mathematical equations and linear charts?
If Donald Trump’s campaign slogan is “Make America Great Again,” a majority of Britons can be said to have voted for “Make Britain Great Again.” Those who supported the Leave campaign were people nostalgic for a return to a pre-eminent Great Britain, if not a return to the Empire. Polls indicated that those over 45 years of age and many retirees, white males, and those with only high school diplomas who were in favor of Brexit have similar profiles to Trump supporters.
How bad is today's world? Mass shootings in Orlando; riots, assassinations and strikes in France; potential secession of Britain from the EU; overwhelming exodus of migrants and refugees from war-torn societies with many lost at sea; the rise of populism with accompanying fascist tendencies; the loss of communal attachments from heightened individualism; continuing carnage in Syria and the Middle East with no end in sight; increased radicalism and fragile states; seemingly perpetual wars in Afghanistan and Iraq; growing income inequality; and looming catastrophes from climate change are just some of the disturbing realities.
We all have obsessions. We all have dreams we hope to realize. (Mine is winning Wimbledon. Every year I prepare my victory speech and get teary when I listen to the victor. It should be me!) Rarely do we satisfy our obsessions; rarely do we actualize what we hope we will accomplish. That said, the Swiss have satisfied one national obsession with the opening of the Gotthard Tunnel; Genevans still have a long way to go with the crossing of Lake Geneva.
Muhammad Ali has gone down for the final count. For an entire generation, he was the Champ. Not only was he a great fighter, he was revered by many for his political stance for social justice. The Louisville Lip was more than a showman. Behind his unique sense of performance was a moral compass. I met him once, as described in the following blog I posted in 2011 on the death of Joe Frazier.
In a recent article in a local Geneva newspaper – not the Tribune – the future president of the administrative council of the Geneva public transport system is taken to task for several items in her curriculum vitae. The author begins by asking who is Anne Hornung-Soukup, and then negatively goes point by point through her cv. Although Ms. Hornung-Soukup has not yet taken up her function, it is worthwhile to analyze the criticisms to better understand how ad hominem, prejudicial arguments can overwhelm factual evaluations of competence.
President Barack Obama is making a short tour of Asia as part of his last months in office. He is visiting Vietnam and then Japan, ostensibly to demonstrate the importance of the region in his foreign policy, the so called “shift to Asia.” Besides the geostrategic significance of the trip and its implications to counter the growing importance of China, the President will be dealing with the memories of the Vietnam War and Hiroshima.
Or will he?
The first-ever World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) will take place in Istanbul, Turkey, from May 23-24. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called on heads of state and government to deliver a strong message that “we will not accept the erosion of humanity which we see in the world today.” “We must not fail the people who need us, when they need us most,” said the UN chief. There will be seven roundtable sessions over the two days to provide a space for leaders from Member States, civil society and the private sector to focus on a number of challenges. The themes of the roundtables are: Preventing and Ending Conflict; Upholding the Norms that Safeguard Humanity; Leaving No-one Behind; Natural Disasters and Climate Change; From Delivering Aid to Ending Need; Gender Equality; and Investing in Humanity.
Senator Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton had quite a tiff about who was better qualified to be president during one of their debates. Sanders claimed that Clinton lacked judgment; Clinton claimed that Sanders lacked experience. Donald Trump’s recent questioning of those with a “perfect résumé” is an interesting interrogation of those qualities we look for in leaders. If, as he claims, résumés are not the answer, then by what else can we choose?
Why do we feel uneasy about the upcoming Olympic Games in Brazil? The Olympic are the world’s grandest sporting event. We love to play games. We love to watch games. And yet, with about 100 days left until the August 5 opening in Rio, we have doubts that these Games will be “vivid, concrete, swift and fun,” as the theologian Michael Novak described the joy of sports.
The French intellectual Alain Finkielkraut was booed and chased away by participants in the Nuit debout (roughly translated as "Up All Night", "Standing Night", or "Rise up at night") movement Saturday in Paris. Finkielkraut was insulted and called a dirty fascist. He defended himself: “I was thrown out from a place where democracy and pluralism should reign…. They wanted to purify the Place de la République of my presence.” The extreme right in France wasted no time in lambasting the scenario as an example of the “hate and intolerance” of the protesters.
What could be better than watching the Masters Tournament in early April in Augusta, Georgia, with its idyllic setting of rolling hills, blooming azaleas and the coveted green jacket waiting the winner? What better way to take off the radar screen pictures of exhausted, disillusioned migrants than to watch the world’s top golfers shooting for the ultimate prize of having last year’s winner put on the new champion the only jacket money can’t buy?
The sight of refugees streaming across the Mediterranean, only to wind up in detention centers and then boats back to Turkey, shocks our sense of justice. They have risked their lives to flee and many have died before and during the crossings. Most have left war zones. Families with young children are desperate to find relief of any kind. There are few alternatives, certainly not alternatives commensurate with the dangers of staying where they were. They have legitimate reasons to leave, but no place to go.
Are the politics of spheres of influence returning? The visit of President Obama to Cuba was heralded as the opening of new relations between the two countries, relations that had been blocked since the United States imposed a trade embargo in 1960 and severed diplomatic ties in 1961. Obama’s visit was applauded from a diplomatic perspective. But looking from another perspective, it could also mean the re-emergence of an American sphere of influence in Latin America. With rising Russian influence in Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine, are we witnessing a return to major powers’ exertion of spheres of influence in their neighborhoods?
The November 13 killings in Paris and the recent explosions in Brussels are shocking. We are not used to drive-by random shootings or suicide bombings in public places in the heart of Europe. Searching for the root causes of these terrorist acts, psychologists seem unable to come up with a simple explanation of why certain people turn to political violence. One possible explanation, the link between poverty and terrorism, has not proven a definitive key to radicalization.
The 2016 U.S. presidential race represents a new age of politics. The surprising successes of Senator Bernie Sanders and business mogul Donald Trump are due to anti-establishment fervor. Traditional political parties have lost their appeal. More and more voters, especially the young, are rejecting the status quo.
Republican presidential candidates have called each other “lazy,” “liars,” “low energy,” “nasty,” “con man,” and made direct references to the size of their fingers, implying the size other parts of the anatomy. As the American presidential campaign heats up, the role of these “zingers” becomes more and more evident. In a campaign reduced to sound bites and “gotcha” videos, one sentence or offhand remark is all that remains of debates on issues affecting millions of lives. The back and forth of ideas and presentations of coherent policy positions have been reduced to quips and gag lines meant to amuse the public. One-upmanship has replaced elegant phrases much as Twitter has replaced logical sentence construction.
The Geneva Bible was one of the first Bibles translated from Greek and Hebrew. Considered a vulgar Bible, it was not only published in a common language but it was also mass produced for the general public with several study guides. A Geneva Bible was one of the Bibles brought to the New World on the Mayflower in 1620, and is one of the reasons there are numerous towns and cities in the United States named Geneva.
The continuing popularity of Donald Trump and the rise of populist politicians in many European countries is cause for concern and reflection. Where does this wave of emotionalism come from? It could be a reaction to two factors. The first is globalization. The expansion of frontiers has caused instability. While technology has increased our perspectives from the local to the global, we have lost the assurances of that which is closest to us. The rise of fundamentalism in various forms is an attempt return to roots that have been destabilized.
Technology allows us to follow events around the world in real time. Front page photos show cities in the Middle East reduced to rubble. Nightly news programs project horrendous scenes of people dying while fleeing across the Mediterranean Sea in make-shift vessels. Reporters file stories tracing the desperate lives of those who have newly arrived in Europe only to find hostility if not rejection in what they thought would be relief from their war-torn countries.