Popular Political Culture and the Carouge Revue

Generations around the world have been entertained by musical classics such as Oklahoma! and West Side Story as well as more recently The Phantom of the Opera and Mamma Mia! The combination of story-telling with catchy tunes is a universal crowd-pleaser. What is less popular and less well-known is a tradition of political, musical satire, the mixture of popular tunes with specific lyrics designed to poke fun at local politicians. Parts of Switzerland have this tradition.

Lire la suite


John Kerry and Politician/Athletes

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on Sunday broke his leg while cycling just outside of Geneva in France. In between negotiations with his Iranian counterparts on a deal to limit their nuclear capabilities, the former senator and presidential candidate had an accident during an ascent on the Col de la Colombière, a difficult mountain pass that often is on the route of the Tour de France. He was rushed to a hospital in Geneva and then on Monday flown to the United States for treatment. While his broken right femur is not deemed serious, the accident will cut short his European diplomatic tour.

Lire la suite


Should We Be Afraid of ISIS?

Whereas Al Qaida posed a threat by trying to disrupt Western culture and ideals, ISIS claims to want only to establish its own territory in order to govern by its own rules. If we strictly follow the principles of the 1648 Peace of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years War – with the concept of cuius region, eius religio, each region could have its religion - then we should not interfere. We can surely condemn their violence and blatant disregard for human rights, but how do they threaten us?

Lire la suite


Jean Claude Gandur and a Clash of Civilizations

Imagine that a very wealthy businessman offers his unique art collection to a city as well as offering to pay a considerable amount for the construction of the necessary structure to house the collection. One’s first impression would be that the city would graciously thank the businessman for his offer of the collection and helping to pay for the structure. But no, the Geneva authorities have been deeply divided about whether or not to accept the offer. What’s the problem?

Lire la suite


Bill Clinton and Grandfather Politics

Former President Bill Clinton is back in the news. The greatest politician of his generation is once again making headlines. Although his Clinton Foundation has been able to raise billions of dollars “to strengthen the capacity of people throughout the world to meet the challenges of global interdependence," according to its mission statement, it is as the husband of declared Democrat presidential candidate Hillary Clinton that he has once again become a focus of attention.

Lire la suite


Justice as Fairness

During a recent teaching experience in a newly-independent country of the former Soviet Union, a question about fairness sparked a revealing debate. The standard discourse about transformation from a communist/totalitarian system to a democratic/liberal one prioritizes the rule of law. Writing new laws by involving civil society is universally recognized as part of the process. But deeper values are involved that cannot be changed with the stroke of a pen.

Lire la suite


The Greatest Show on Earth

Every four years the United States puts on the greatest show on earth. No, I am not referring to a quadrennial revival of the 1952 American film in brilliant technicolor of that name produced by Cecil B. DeMille that won the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Story. Nor I am referring to a Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus visit every four years to your hometown that was at the center of the movie.

Lire la suite


Thabo Sefalosha Goes One-on-One Against New York’s Finest

Thabo Sefalosha is the first Swiss to play basketball in the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the United States. Although not a star like LeBron James or Kevin Durant, he is hard working and best known for his defensive prowess. Originally drafted and signed by the Oklahoma Thunder, he currently plays for the Atlanta Hawks who have a chance to win the title in the world’s most prestigious league. Imagine, after Federer and Wawrinka winning the Davis Cup, Switzerland has the chance to have a Swiss win the NBA title

Lire la suite


How do you choose who to vote for?

Hillary Rodham Clinton’s announcement that she is indeed running for president and with local municipal elections in Geneva reaching their climax the election season is in full swing. The obvious question is: For whom will you vote? Behind that question, the pre-question is how to choose a candidate.

Lire la suite


The Iran Nuclear Roadmap

Following over thirty years of Iran’s diplomatic isolation and eighteen months of negotiations, a roadmap for concluding an agreement was reached on April 2 between the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, Germany and the Islamic Republic of Iran. The major sticking points of guaranteeing that Iran’s nuclear program was to be used only for peaceful means and the lifting of economic sanctions by the UN, European Union and the United States were tentatively worked out in Lausanne before a final deadline at the end of June.

Lire la suite


UnAmerican Sniper

The latest Clint Eastwood movie is a tribute to Chris Kyle, an American soldier who became a legend for killing 160 people who threatened U.S. troops during his several tours of duty in Iraq. He was the most lethal sniper in U.S. military history. The movie traces his career from extraordinary sharpshooter to defender of his colleagues in battle to his ironic death at the hands of a deranged veteran during shooting practice after his return to his family in Texas. The finale is a flag-waving memorial ceremony in the huge stadium of the Dallas Cowboys football team.

Lire la suite


The Sounds of Silence

The words of Paul Simon’s 1964 song have always intrigued me. How can silence have sounds? How does one warmly welcome what one cannot see as he begins “Hello darkness my old friend”? I understood what he meant by “The words of the prophets are written on the subway walls/ And tenement halls;” I quoted that as an epigraph in my undergraduate thesis in religion. But I am most intrigued when Simon writes:
“People talking without speaking,
People hearing without listening”.

Lire la suite


Give War a Chance

During the demonstrations against the Vietnam War in the 1970’s, a favorite rallying moment for the marchers was to sing the Beatles’ John Lennon’s ballad, “Give Peace a Chance”. The song summarized protest against the war and the ethos of the times. Peace and love were in the air

Lire la suite


What does it mean to be secure?

The recent Geneva popular vote to overhaul the local police organization has drawn enormous attention. The vote was emotional, politically dividing and extremely close. Were the police a state within a state? Did the police union have too much power? Would the person responsible for the police, Conseil d’Etat Pierre Maudet who initiated the reform, lose influence if he lost the vote? Many questions were raised.  But perhaps the most fundamental ones were not raised: What does it mean to be secure today? Who is responsible for our security?

Lire la suite


Edward Snowden’s “Here I Stand, I Can Do No Other”

On April 18, 1521, Martin Luther appeared before the Diet of Worms to defend his posting of the 95 theses criticizing the Catholic Church’s selling of indulgences as a guarantee of going to Heaven. He refused to recant, risking excommunication. In his final declaration, in the face of the powers of the Church and the Holy Roman Empire, Luther is supposed to have said, “I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. May God help me. Amen. Here I stand, I can do no other".

Lire la suite


Are Human Rights Outdated?

The 13th Edition of the International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights has opened in Geneva. “A Film, A Subject, A Debate” is the heading of a most ambitious program that includes 40 documentaries, 11 feature films, 37 public debates, 160 international speakers, 8 workshops and 76 partners. Quite an achievement for the new director, Isabelle Gattiker, who is following in the large footsteps of the dynamic, innovative creator of the festival, Leo Kaneman.

Lire la suite


The Real Power of Mother Nature

Numerous lists try to establish who has power. Is Angela Merkel the most powerful person in the world? Is Barack Obama? What about multinational corporations? Apple? Microsoft? Terrorists like Al Qaida? The Islamic State? Emerging powers like China or India? On a recent trip to the United States to attend an academic conference in New Orleans, I followed panels which were about the above, but discussions in the corridors were all about another kind of power.

Lire la suite


Minsk as a Rival of Geneva? No! No! and No!

All eyes were fixed on the recent negotiations in Minsk. Would Vladmir shake hands with Petro? Would Angela and Francois be able to arrange a cease fire to end the brutal fighting in eastern Ukraine? Would Ukraine be able to join NATO and the EU in the future? Would the United States send weapons (with advisors?) to the Ukrainian army? Would the Ukrainian economy be given a shot in the arm?

Lire la suite


The Code of Hammurabi and the Juncker Kiss

The recent burning of the Jordanian pilot by the Islamic State and the revenge hanging of two prisoners by the Jordanian government harken to the principle of Hammurabi’s ancient Babylonian law code of 1754 B.C., “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”. The terrorists reacted to the refusal of the Jordanian government to negotiate the release of jihadist prisoners; the Jordanians reacted to the brutal murder of their pilot. An eye for and eye, a tooth for a tooth indeed.

Lire la suite


Switzerland as a Symbol of Peace and Switzerland 2.0

The recent negotiations in Geneva and Zurich on Iran’s nuclear program have focused attention on the role of Switzerland as a site for diplomacy. Going back to the famous Alabama Claims following the American Civil War (1861-1865), Switzerland, especially Geneva, has hosted numerous arbitrations and negotiations – some public, many off the record.

Lire la suite


Stop the World - I Want to Get Off

The announcement by the Swiss National Bank (SNB) that the Swiss Franc will no longer be pegged to the Euro sent shockwaves throughout Switzerland. One of the harshest criticisms was that the decision was taken by the Bank alone and that the general public was unprepared for the change. Instead of the Bank being praised for denying speculation, it was lambasted for the surprise.

Lire la suite


Let Us Laugh Together, On Principle

The tragic events in Paris tug at our hearts and pose questions to our heads. Our deepest sympathies go to the families and friends of the victims. While we mourn the deaths of the cartoonists and police and are revolted by people being gunned down in premeditated murder, we are led to reflect on what freedom really means and the role of humor.

Lire la suite


Reaching Out to One’s Enemies: The U.S. Gesture towards Cuba and its Implications

Just before the holiday season, the United States and Cuba announced that they were taking several steps to change their severed relations. After almost 50 years of boycotts and embargo, the two countries are ready to open discussions about reviving full diplomatic recognition. While it may seem obvious to most people that the United States’ demonization of Fidel Castro and his regime was counterproductive, the hemisphere’s dominant power is at long last reaching out.

Lire la suite


Measuring Progress and the Role of History

It is often said that those who do not know the past are condemned to repeat it. Two recent events in the United States – the killings of Michael Brown/Earl Garner and the revelations of torture techniques by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have shocked the world. But should we really be surprised?

Lire la suite


Lessons Learned From the Swiss OSCE Presidency

The 2014 Swiss Presidency of the OSCE has been universally praised. At the final ministerial meeting in Basel last week, there was a record participation with 53 ministers and 1,300 delegates attending. Particular accolades for Switzerland’s chairmanship came from United States Secretary of State John Kerry and German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, not a negligible feat considering that the meeting ended with no consensus statement on the simmering conflict in Ukraine.

Lire la suite